Packaging tests are one of the most versatile tools for ensuring the safety of transported goods, while generating significant economic savings. Therefore, it is essential to know which are the main packaging testing methods and how to perform them. 

 

The essential packaging tests: a boost on security

Packaging testing methods can be carried out following the main international testing standards such as ISTA, EUMOS, ISO or ASTM or can be done according to the specific needs of each company to, for example, test new material or test a particular distribution cycle as is the case with the giant Amazon.com.

In order to carry out packaging tests, there are different kinds of transport simulation equipment on the market, which allow companies to study, optimize and validate the packaging of both packages and unit loads. 

These are tests that allow companies to gain an in-depth understanding of the properties and behaviour of their packaging, which will ultimately be responsible for protecting the goods during the distribution cycle. 

Thus, through test protocols, it is possible to check how the packaging reacts to the risks of transport and storage and to improve its design. All this leads to several benefits: 

  • Avoiding damage during transport, with the corresponding economic losses.
  • Optimize the packaging, so that situations of over-packaging or under-packaging do not occur, as both scenarios are not economically efficient.
  • Ensuring that the product reaches the end customer safely, thus generating a positive brand image and achieving their loyalty.
  • Complying with national and international legislation on safe transport and packaging. 
  • Improvement of companies’ sustainability, which through the optimization of the packaging reduce the waste generated, as well as the emission of CO₂, during the manufacturing and transport process. 

In short, packaging tests are an accurate way to improve the efficiency and sustainability of a distribution cycle for a company. In order to do this, it will be necessary to analyze which packaging testing methods should be applied: 

> Vibration test

Vibration tests measure the protective capacity of packaging against the vibration forces that occur during the transport of goods.

Thus, vibration equipment is able to simulate the vibratory movements to which the goods are submitted, checking how the packaging reacts to these forces and if it is able to resist them. 

To carry these tests out, the vibration equipment has been made available together with the new Pitch & Roll module. This last option, in a comparative analysis with the most classical equipment, allows bringing the simulations closer to the reality of transport thanks to the application of pitch and roll movements. 

> Drop test 

A drop test is a test that simulates the vertical fall of a load to check the protective capacity of the packaging. It is a test that is particularly suitable for companies that transport their goods in corrugated cardboard boxes

A Drop Tester is used to carry out this test, capable of simulating vertical and rotational falls, and complying with ISTA, ISO and ASTM test protocols that include a drop test.

> Shock tests

Shock is one of the risks to which loads are subjected during transport. To prevent damage to the goods, shock tests are carried out.

Through equipment such as the inclined impact system and the horizontal impact system, it is possible to simulate how these impacts can affect the transported load and design efficient product-packaging systems. 

> Horizontal stability test

The horizontal stability test is part of the most common packaging tests for road transport, among other scenarios. This test allows to simulate the load deformation produced by horizontal accelerations and decelerations.

For this purpose, horizontal stability systems are used, among which the Boomerang equipment stands out for its reduced size, specially designed to comply with the European regulation EUMOS 40509. 

> Compression tests

Compression forces are another common risk faced by goods during transport and storage.

Compression packaging tests are carried out using Compression Tester systems, capable of simulating the typical compression forces that the package will withstand in order to design a package capable of withstanding a particular distribution cycle.

> Clamping test

Clamp testing equipment is designed to simulate the horizontal pressure forces to which the product-packaging systems can be subjected. 

These are specific threats for certain types of automated storage, which can endanger the goods inside the packaging. This is the case of Amazon, which requires that its salespeople and distributors pass the clamping test, among other tests included in the ISTA 6- AMAZON.com procedure, in order to obtain the Packaging Frustration-Free certificate and be able to sell through its platform. 

Do you want to get Amazon Packaging Frustration-free certification? Download our free eBook and learn how to obtain a packaging optimized to pass the ISTA-6 AMAZON.COM test protocols and get your certification. 

Through these systems, it is possible to carry out tests so that the threats to which products are commonly subjected during the distribution cycle can be prevented. However, there are also customized solutions for those companies that have detected specific problems in their product-packaging systems and want to put an end to them. 

At Safe Load Testing Technologies, we have been at the forefront of the packaging test simulation systems industry for two decades. Following closely the needs of each client, the current legislation and international standards, we have developed transport simulation equipment capable of helping many companies to optimize their packaging and distribution cycle, allowing them to reduce costs and be more sustainable and efficient 

Would you like to know more about how we can help you? Get in contact with us and we’ll talk about how to improve your packaging systems and distribution cycle.

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