In 2014 came into effect the Directive 2014/47/EU for safe shipment of goods. The new Royal Decree 563/2017, of 2 June, to regulate road technical inspections in commercial transport that travel in Spanish territory, incorporates this Directive to the Spanish law and establishes new obligations to shipping transport regarding to cargo security. The Royal Decree 563/2017, of 2 June, will come into effect on 20th May 2018.
During the past May 9th took place Hispack Barcelona, one of the most important fair of packaging in Europe. In this edition, the General Manager of Safe Load Testing Technologies, Alberto Tellechea, participated in the round table, “Challenges of cargo stability with the implementation of the Directive 2014/47/EU”, organized by ITENE, together with prominent professionals of the sector: Ana Blanco (DGT Spain), Antonio Manrique (Dow Chemical Ibérica), Alessandro Parruci (Robopac), and Axel González (Heineken Spain).
During the meeting, the professionals talked about the challenges and consequences of the aforementioned Directive in goods transportation. All of them highlighted the importance of keeping the Directive in mind, not only during goods transport, but throughout the distribution cycle: from manufacturing process until the moment in which the product reaches the final consumer.
Directive 2014/47/EU. What does it mean?
The new Directive, which will come into effect next 20th May, will apply to the industrial vehicles which exceed 25km/h driving on national roads, regardless of their nationality or place of origin. The National Department of Traffic (NDT), in Spain, will be responsible for inspecting randomly every year at least 5% of the registered industrial vehicles which drive on Spanish roads.
An unappropriated fastening of the loads causes not only that it becomes deformed due to the impacts, vibrations or trucks accelerations, but it is also responsible for the 25% of trucks accidents. The aforementioned inspection will consist of verifying that the load is securely fastened in a way that does not endanger road safety. Police officers will use different measuring and verification instruments, such as angle measuring, pressure devices, fixed or mobile weighbridges and stowage calculators.
Ana Blanco, the Deputy Assistant Director-General of DGT, explained during the round table at Hispack Barcelona that the new Directive about cargo security contemplates two types of inspections: a visual one, by the police officers, and a meticulous one, by specialized inspectors, although this one will not have an immediate implementation.
With the new Directive, the National Department of Traffic (NDT) is making a new document named “stowage sheet” which every cargo responsible must carry in order to prove the correct fastening of the load.
Main objective of the new European normative
Due to the increasing number of accidents on roads caused by cargo transport, the European Union has established the objective of “0 fatalities during transport by 2050”. The Directive 2014/47/EU ensures that goods transported on EU roads are in a good condition and travel safely, as well as ensuring that there is no risk of an accident due to the cargo transported.
How can the simulation transport equipment help to comply with the Directive?
Governments across the world are implementing rigorous guidelines to ensure quality of product + packaging system, as well as safety during the whole distribution cycle. Transport simulation testing are an integral part of these initiatives.
During distribution cycle, the load may suffer deformations due to impacts, vibrations, compressions, changes of temperature, drops, etc. Transport simulation allows for reproducing, in a real way, physical and mechanical risks associated with the process of cargo distribution. In this way, it is possible to characterize the appropriate packaging, baling and palletizing system, avoiding infra-packaging, that generates security problems, economic costs and a bad image of the brand, as well as over-packaging, whose consequence is the increase of material waste, a strong environmental impact, cost increase and logistic inefficiency.
In addition, it should be noted that the Directive mentions EUMOS 40509-2012 testing method, which describes a dynamic testing method to evaluate the security and rigidity of a loading unit subjected to horizontal accelerations and decelerations, such as those produced during transport with industrial vehicles on roads.
In short, it has become clear the importance of fastening the cargo in a proper way, to enable companies to minimize risks during transport, improve the quality of their products as well as reduce waste materials and its environmental impact and costs.