Every day incidents and accidents occur on roads because the cargo transported has not been properly stowed or secured. In fact, it is estimated that around 7’5% of the infractions detected by the authorities on road are related to an inappropriate load position and fastening and that a 25% of truck accidents are due to an inappropriate cargo fastening.
People responsible for the cargo must avoid that the packages slide, fall, overturn or deform due to the movements occurred during the distribution cycle. A well-insured cargo protects the people involved in the loading, unloading, driving of the vehicle and pedestrians, as well as the vehicle and the cargo itself.
For this reason, there are some European guidelines on cargo securing which are based on physical laws related to friction, gravity, dynamics and strength of materials. In order to simplify the design and the check of cargo securing arrangements, specific standards related to the strength and performance of a superstructure, securing arrangements, or materials used for securing can be found in the following international standards:
- EN 12195-1 Calculation of lashing forces
- EN 12640 Lashing points
- EN 12642 Strength of vehicle body structure
- EN 12195-2 Web lashings made from man-made fibres
- EN 12195-3 Lashing chains
- EN 12195-4 Lashing steel wire ropes
- ISO 1161, ISO 1496 ISO container
- EN 283 Swap bodies
- EN 12641 Tarpaulins
- EUMOS 40511 Poles – Stanchions
- EUMOS 40509 Transport Packaging
Who has the responsibility for cargo securing?
All groups of people involved in the logistic process is responsible for guaranteeing that cargo is properly packed and loaded on a suitable vehicle, including packers, loaders, transport companies, operators and drivers. These responsibilities for cargo securing are based on international conventions and regulations, national legislation and/or contracts between involved parties.
During transport planning, the person responsible has to ensure there is a correct description of the cargo including all the important information about the load; ensuring that load units are suitably packed to withstand the stresses which are to be expected under normal transport conditions; or ensuring that dangerous goods are correctly classified, packed and labelled, among many others.
During cargo loading, the person responsible must also keep in mind actions such as ensuring that only cargo which is safe and suitable for transport is loaded; checking if a load securing plan is available when starting to load; or ensuring all certificates of vehicle parts used for the securing cargo can be provided, among others.
By last, before driving, it is important to check the outside of the vehicle and of the cargo if accessible to check for evident unsafe situations. Also, ensuring all certificates of vehicle parts used for the securing of the cargo can be provided and throughout transport journey check the safety of the load regularly.
To conclude, cargo must be placed on the vehicle according with some regulations on cargo security so that it can neither endanger persons nor goods and cannot move on or off the vehicle.
If you have some doubts about how to ensure your load, do not hesitate to contact us.