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Understanding DIN 55415 regulations.

DIN 55415 also known as “Transport stability – Test methods to determine the transport stability of unit loads in intermodal transportation,” focuses on transport stability and test methods to determine the transport stability of unit loads in intermodal transportation.

DIN 55415

How to comply with DIN 55415 – German Standard for Transport Stability Testing?

The stability of load units during transportation is a fundamental aspect of ensuring logistical safety. In this article, we will look at the requirements for three different test methods aimed at assessing transport stability to understand how DIN 55415 regulations work.

Intermodal transportation, encompassing individual modes of transportation and the combination of all, includes modalities such as road, rail, and maritime.

DIN 55415

The stability of load units is classified into various categories based on their ability to withstand loads during transportation. Given the variability in transport stability and the different types of load units, it is crucial to determine the need to additionally secure the load in each case.

In this context, it is important to understand that the transport stability class of an individual load unit alone does not provide sufficient information. Moreover, it is uncertain to determine whether the interaction among multiple charge units in the CTU area will trigger a domino effect. Therefore, it remains uncertain whether these units will meet the traffic safety requirements during transportation. This scenario is considered even in situations where the loads are transported without additional safety measures.

It is considered that a cargo unit constitutes a handling unit if it is transported within the internal flow of materials without the need for auxiliary means to form and secure the cargo units. Minimum stability requirements for a handling unit are established to enable safe handling and transshipment processes, both before and after intermodal transportation.

The primary objective of the three testing procedures is to determine a specific Transport Stability Class (TK) for each cargo or handling unit.

Compliance Analysis of DIN 55414 Standard: Requirements and Testing Procedures.

To assess compliance with the DIN 55414 standard, it is crucial to understand the specific requirements that must be met. The speeds used in stability tests for transportation must align with those established in current regulations. This includes the CTU Code: 2014 and the DIN EN 12195-1:2021-01 standard, both focused on packaging for CTU.

General requirements.

Transport stability type

Effective acceleration

a

CT 1 a ≥ 1,0 g
CT 2 0,8 g ≤ a <1,0 g
CT 3 0,5 g ≤ a <0,8 g
CT 4 0,3 g ≤ a <0,5 g
CT 5 0,18 g ≤ a <0,3 g

Note: In this context, the acceleration in the horizontal direction is based on the gravitational acceleration unit, which is equal to 9.81 m/s². For criteria related to load securing safety, it is recommended to refer to the DIN EN 12195-1 standard.

The transported load or handling unit must meet the minimum requirement of the TK 5 transport stability class, which involves withstanding an effective acceleration of a = 0.18 g.

Testing Procedures in DIN 55415.

Dynamic Laboratory Test.

In this procedure, a test sample is exposed to predetermined accelerations and decelerations. The sample is placed on a movable support, subjecting it to a specific acceleration/deceleration curve. To drive this support, various mechanisms can be employed, such as electric motors or hydraulic systems.

Dynamic Driving Test.

According to the DIN EN 12642:2017-03 standard, this approach involves assessing the load safety of the unit by subjecting it to dynamic driving conditions.

During the dynamic evaluation, the sample placed in the cargo area of the transport vehicle undergoes accelerations and decelerations while in motion. This method aligns with the driving test specifications outlined in the DIN EN 12642:2017-03 standard.

PRUEBA DE CONDUCCION DINAMICA - DIN55415
Type of
stability on
transport (TK)
Effective acceleration.
a

Longitudinal braking a)

DIN EN 12642:
2017-03

Change of direction a)

DIN EN 12642:
2017-03

Cambio de carril a)

DIN EN 12642:
2017-03

CT 1 a ≥ 1,0 g x b - -
CT 2 0,8 g ≤ a <1,0 g xb) - -
CT 3 0,5 g ≤ a <0,8 g xb) x x
CT 4 0,3 g ≤ a <0,5 g xb) xc) xc)
CT 5 0,18 g ≤ a <0,3 g xb) xc) xc)

Note
x allowed
— not allowed
a) If more than one testing method is allowed for a Transport Stability Class (TK), the method representing the most unfavorable case should be selected.
b) The prescribed speed in DIN EN 12642:2017-03 must be adhered to. The deceleration must be adjusted according to the TK.
c) The speeds specified in DIN EN 12642:2017-03 must be reduced in accordance with the TK.

Static Tilt Test.

This method is in accordance with the DIN EN 12195-1:2021-01 and DIN EN 12642:2017-03 standards, focusing on testing the load units considering the tilt angle (α) and a predefined tilt speed (vH). The obtained results are evaluated according to specific criteria.

The basis of a static tilt test involves examining a load or handling unit based on the defined tilt angle and tilt speed, following the DIN EN 12195-1:2021-01 standard.

The tilt speed, measured in degrees per second (°/s), is set to ensure a standardized methodology during the test. This determination is supported by results from comprehensive and statistically validated research.

In general terms, the recommended tilt speed is 0.2°/s.

Machinery for conducting tests according to DIN 55415.

1. DIN 55415 Solution: innSlide Boomerang.

Dynamic Driving Test.

The innSlide Boomerang is the world’s most compact equipment for conducting acceleration tests to measure load stability and rigidity, optimizing packaging.

The innSlide Boomerang is an innovative equipment designed for conducting acceleration tests on palletized loads. Its main objective is to measure the stability and rigidity of the load, as well as optimize packaging to ensure safety and efficiency in the transportation and storage of products. Below are some key aspects of this equipment:

  1. Compactibility: It is the world’s most compact equipment in its category, meaning it has a space-saving design, making it ideal for use in laboratories, production facilities, or even in environments with limited space.
  2. Acceleration Tests: The ability to conduct acceleration tests is crucial for simulating the conditions that loads may encounter during transportation. This includes sudden movements, vibrations, and other types of impacts. By measuring how the load reacts to these conditions, its stability and rigidity can be assessed.
  3. Measurement of Load Stability and Rigidity: Stability refers to the load’s ability to maintain its structural integrity and position under various conditions, while rigidity relates to the load’s resistance to deformation under pressure. These measurements are essential to ensure that products reach their destination in optimal conditions.
  4. Packaging Optimization: One of the key objectives of the innSlide Boomerang is to assist in optimizing packaging. This involves determining the type and quantity of packaging material needed to effectively protect the load without incurring excesses that could increase costs or environmental impact.
  5. Applications in Various Sectors: This equipment can be used in a variety of industries, including manufacturing, logistics, pharmaceuticals, food, among others. Any sector that requires the transportation of goods can benefit from the tests conducted by the innSlide Boomerang.
  6. Regulatory Compliance: This machine complies with the DIN 55415 standard, EUMOS 40509, and the American regulation US FMCSA cargo securement requirements.
  7. Sustainability Improvement: Optimizing packaging helps companies reduce the use of stretch film, as well as optimizing primary and secondary packaging. With the use of innSlide Boomerang, our clients have achieved an average reduction of 25-30% in the use of stretch film as tertiary packaging, resulting in an average reduction of 15-20% in CO2 emissions.

Advanced and patented innovative solution for simulating horizontal accelerations and decelerations that impact the safety and stability of the cargo.

2. Horizontal Stability Tester + Boomerang Software.

Dynamic Driving Test.

Horizontal Stability Tester Safe Load Testing Technologies

The Horizontal Stability Testing Machine is an advanced tool that provides accurate simulation of horizontal accelerations and decelerations according to major international standards, such as DIN 55415. Its ability to replicate these conditions is essential to ensure the safety and stability of products during transport.

A notable feature of the Horizontal Stability Testing Machines is the inclusion of the innSoft SET software. This software provides our customers with the flexibility to design customized acceleration tests that go beyond established standards. From spin tests to combinations of trapezoidal tests, intermittent braking, and abrupt braking, the innSoft SET allows for a wide range of test configurations to suit the specific needs of each product.

Furthermore, what makes this machine even more exceptional is its compatibility with our innovative Boomerang software and its patented methodology, allowing for EUMOS tests to be conducted in half the time traditionally required. This not only saves time but also allows for obtaining the critical data needed for packaging optimization and safety in a more compact space.

In summary, functionality and effectiveness come together impressively in this Horizontal Stability Testing Machine, providing businesses with an essential tool to ensure load stability and guarantee the integrity of their products during transportation.

DIN 55415-DIN 55415

3. Static Tilt Testing Machine: innTilt.

Static Tilt Test.

During this test, the load is tilted to a predetermined angle or until failure occurs, with the purpose of observing the packaging response and finding ways to improve it. Subsequently, through tilt simulation, the effectiveness of load securing systems is examined.

This method is not only practical for ensuring load stability during transportation but also allows companies to minimize the use of packaging materials and their weight. This contributes to optimizing the packaging of unit loads and improves their overall sustainability. Additionally, it helps comply with specific packaging regulations, such as DIN 55415.

In summary, the DIN 55415 standard plays a crucial role in ensuring the stability of cargo units during intermodal transportation, providing detailed guidelines and specific testing methods. Understanding and correctly applying these standards is essential for success and safety in the transportation of goods.

Therefore, our team of experts is at your disposal to address any questions regarding this standard and its compliance. Feel free to contact us for expert guidance and ensure that your transportation operations comply with these essential standards. We are here to help you navigate successfully through the complexities of the DIN 55415 standard.

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