The EN 12195 standard was established to address the problems resulting from an inadequate load stowage in road vehicles.
Unsafe stowage in road vehicles has led to a significant number of accidents and economic losses. Indeed, it is estimated that 25% of road freight vehicle accidents are related to an inadequate securement of the loads being transported.
This has led to the emergence of European standards aimed to address these problems and guarantee that the loads, and everyone involved in the shipping process, arrive at their destinations safe and sound.
What is EN 12195?
The EN 12195 standard consists of a series of regulations related to load restraining devices for road vehicles.
These regulations enable land transportation companies to design an adequate securement system through the calculation of many variables that might affect this type of transport. To this end, the standard defines various coefficients and formulas, as well as different reference tables for subsequent calculations.
Through the EN 12195 standard, it is possible to ensure that the stowage is adequately performed for the type of goods being transported and the means of transportation, in addition to providing adequate patterns to classify, package and label the load based on its characteristics.
The many outlined procedures include locking, lashing and several combinations of both methods, so that the load is secured on the vehicle’s surface. In all cases, it is targeted at the design of stowage methods for vehicles whose total weight is in excess of 3,500 kg.
This EN standard is, therefore, one of the standards that must be taken into account when guaranteeing load safety during the distribution cycle.
Who it is aimed at and its benefits
The UNE-EN 12195 standard is aimed at any company that transports goods on the road, since these companies are considered to be the ones responsible for guaranteeing an adequate and safe load stowage.
This includes actors such as those in charge of packaging, those who load the goods on the vehicle, transportation companies and any other operator involved in the stowage process.
The benefits of implementing this standard include:
- Better safety: complying with UNE-EN 12195 prevents the movements that typically take place during road transportation from causing the goods within the vehicle to shift (sliding, falling, etc.) or get deformed. This, in turn, prevents road accidents, in addition to protecting the goods and avoiding economic losses due to shrinkage during transportation.
- Complying with regulations: many countries have adopted laws that include inspections to verify load securement. In Europe, Directive 2014/47/EU includes, among other EU standards, protocol EN 12195 on the calculation of securing forces.
Description of the EN 12195 standard
The EN 12195 standard contains 4 parts:
- Part 1. Calculating of securing forces, defining the terms and containing reference tables that are useful to calculate the necessary lashing forces (such as the “Symbols, units and terms” table, the coefficient of static friction table and the acceleration coefficients table).
- Part 2: specifies the required characteristics of web lashing to be homologated and suitable for its purpose.
- Part 3: defines the characteristics of lashing chains.
- Part 4: describes the required characteristics for lashing ropes.
Additionally, the standard describes in detail several methods to calculate an adequate lashing (top over, direct, incline, etc.) so that those in charge can design an effective system based on the goods to be transported and the chosen means of transportation.
How to test the effectiveness of the chosen method
Testing the loads and their securement system ensures that the chosen method is suitable to guarantee safety before facing a real distribution cycle.
For example, there are many transport simulation machines that allow for the study and design of efficient packaging systems.
The innTilt family was created to address the EN 12195 standard. It is a testing system used to test the stability of loads and designed based on that standard – more specifically, on the test outlined in annex D2, focused on the testing of lashing systems for road transportation. By applying the equations specified in the standard, the Tilt device can attain an equivalent acceleration based on the coefficient of sliding friction between the surface and the item being studied.
Do you want to know more about the EN 12195 standard and how to comply with it? At Safe Load Testing Technologies we specialize in transport simulation and help companies attain a safe transport that is compliant with international regulations. Get in touch with us and let’s talk about how we can help you.