What drop test packaging means?
A drop test performs the simulation of drops and rotational impacts that may affect packages and products during handling and distribution. These tests can simulate flat, edge, as well as corner drops.
Drop test procedure
In drop testing, two kinds of tests can be performed: fall and rotational fall.
In the first case, the procedure consists of rising the load to a certain height and it is dropped, hitting the impact surface, which is usually the ground. Goods can be hit on different parts(faces, edges or corners) and objects can be fixed on the impact surface, such as sticks or other kind of rigid object). In addition, the impact surface can be modified to reproduce real collisions. One of the most basic parameters of impact that can be controlled is the speed of impact.
In the second case, a rotational fall is based on placing one side of the load on a support and the other side over the ground, so that it is slanted. Then, it is quickly dropped to test whether the load falls over.
Safe Load Testing Technology has two different designs depending on the package size and weight, created to simulate drops up to 2m height. SF-DP1200 can drop test large products and packages weighing up to 1.200kg; SF-DT100 is designed for small packages weighing up to 100kg.
Drop test regulations:
> ISO 2248: packaging — Complete, filled transport packages — Vertical impact test by dropping
> ASTM D5276: Standard Test Method for Drop Test of Loaded Containers by Free Fall
> ASTM D6179: Standard Test Methods for Rough Handling of Unitized Loads and Large Shipping Cases and Crates